70. Leon Walbridge HAMMOND
(36)(37) was born on 27 Aug
1869 in Attica, Wyoming, NY.(38)
He died on 25 Mar 1950 in Everett, Snohomish, WA.
(38)(16) He died at home [3421
Colby Ave.] of cereboral hemorhage. He was cremated on 27 Mar 1950 in View Crest
Abbey, Everett, Snohomish, WA.(16) Pallbearers
were Charles Dobler, J.B. Magill, Jim Patrick, Toni Warnock, John Smith, and
Alfred Tunem. Leon was an artist and poet. In our Family History he is said
to have started the Palmer Penmanship Method used in schools[now proven untrue!].
They moved to Everett, Snohomish Washington in 1904. In 1906 Leon operated the
Everett Sign Co. at 2932 Lombard Ave[ now a parking lot]. In 1919 and 1925 his
shop was located at 2925 Rockefeller. They lived at 3421 Colby Ave. [ now part
of an apartment complex ] in Everett [first directory mention of this address
is 1919], and Leon also had the Everett Art Studio and Hammond Sign Service at
the same address. In 1952 and 1964 Catharine was still living at the same address.
They were members of the Trinity Episcopal Church. Leon was a member of the
Peninsular Lodge, F&AM, and a life member of the BPOE.
About 1997 when I visited "Aunt Nette"(Jeanette [Wicks ]Edson), she
opened up her cedar chest and started pulling out stuff that she wanted me (Betty
Thomas) to have. She had a box with ribbons( the kind with a pin back and writing
on the front) in it. She thought they were school ribbons and she didn't know
who had collected them or where she got them from. After looking them over (
about 50 of them!), they were mostly from Bicycle clubs (about 1880-90s) in NY,
NJ, MA, and a couple other places. There were also a few from various NY Fire
Companies and a few others from the "Select Knights" and "GAR".
I took them all to the Genesee County Historian to see if she had any ideas.
By then I sort of thought they might be Leon's. I checked their newspaper index
for any mentions of bicycle clubs. Sure enough, there was one about a formation
of a bicycle club in Batavia!
May 5, 1891- Batavia Daily News A meeting of bicycle riders was held last evening
and a club organized. The following are the officers elected: President, O.C.
Steele; Vice President, Fred Foster; Secretary, L.W. Hammond; Treasurer, Burt
Jones; Trustees, Edward Ackes, George Bigelow, Burt Spafford; Captain, Fred Foster;
First Lieutenant, Charles A Weaver; Second Lieutenant, Edward Ackes; Bugler,
Charles Lorish; Color Bearer, Charles Thomas. A committee was appointed to engage
suitable rooms for the club, which are expected to be furnished in good style.
It will be the headquarters of Batavia riders, and out of town riders will be
welcome at any time. The charter fee was fixed at 50 cents which will be held
open until June 1st, after which it will be $1. The club will be known as the
There were several articles about bicycle events/ races that were held in Batavia--
so I guess he collected them like they do pins at the Olympics, from all the
groups that attended. I guess that he left them all behind with his mother or
sister Lois when he moved to Everett. I gave two of the ribbons ( Batavia Wheelman)
to the Land Office Museum in Batavia.
Batavia Daily News
June 5, 1885
A schedule of assets and liabilities of Oscar D. Hammond was filed in the County
Clerk's office this morning. The liabilities aggregate $2,570.06 and the assets
foot up $1,613.31, of which $147.62 are accounts, the bulk being stock. A bond
of the assignee, Wilber Smith, in the sum of $3,200 was also filed.
August 21, 1891
A Conspiracy Charge
Not a little surprise was caused on the street this morning by the arrest at
the instigation of Postmaster Tarbox of Leon W. Hammond, junior member of the
well-known firm of Hammond & Son, harness dealers at No. 108 Main street,
and a young man named Halsey Haller. It was reported that the young men had
been arrested for attempting to have a Post Office money order for $20 cashed
at the Post Office, which belonged to B.F. Hamilton, Secretary of the Genesee
County Building Association.
A reporter of The News followed Officer Casazza and the two young men under arrest
to the office of Police Justice Webster, where he learned young Hammond's story
of the affair. He said that young Haller is a cousin of his and a brother of
Eugene Haller, who was drowned a few years ago at the time of the steamboat catastrophe
on the Tonawanda creek near the Prof. Pratt place on South street. He lives
in Wyoming and for some time had been at work on the Lehigh Valley railroad at
Buffalo until a few days ago, when on account of sore feet he had quit work and
has since been visiting his relatives in this village.
Early this morning, Leon Hammond said, his cousin was standing in front of the
store when a stranger came along and offered to sell him a $20 money order for
$1. The stranger told Haller that all he would have to do would be to say that
his name was B.F. Hamiton in order to get the order cashed. Haller paid the dollar
and almost immediately started for the Post Office, accompanied by young Hammond,
who said he went along to show his cousin the way to the office. Hammond claimed
that on learning that there was some mistake, as the order was for B.F. Hamilton,
he told Postmaster Tarbox to keep the order until they found out about it.
Justice Webster at that moment entered his office, and Hammond's stony was interrupted.
The Justice informed the young men that they had been arrested on the charge
of conspiracy for attempting to defraud B.F. Hamilton out of $20. He gave them
the instructions usually given in criminal cases and asked them if they wished
to obtain counsel, saying that , If they did, the constable would accompany them.
The young business man, being apparently unaware of the seriousness of the charge
said: "I don't think we'll need any," and expressed a desire to have
the examination take place this morning. The Justice said that it could not
probably come off before afternoon.
Postmaster Tarbox said to the reporter that he was in charge of the Money Order
Department when at about 8:30 o'clock Haller, who was accompanied by Hammond,
presented an order for $20 at the window to be cashed. On looking at the letter
of advice corresponding in number with the order he ascertained that the order
was drawn in favor of B.F. Hamilton. He asked Haller if his name was Hamilton,
and upon being answered affirmatively informed the young man that there was
another B.F. Hamilton in town and that he [Haller] , being a stranger, would
have to be identified. At that Haller said " this man knows me," turning
toward young Hammond. He then stammered and corrected himself by saying that
his name was not Hamilton, but that young Hammond was. Being asked by the Postmaster
where he obtained the order Haller said he bought it, afterwards correcting himself
and saying that some fellow gave it to him. Mr. Tarbox at once suspected all
was not right and told the young men to find, if they could, the stranger who
sold or gave the order to Haller.
Postmaster Tarbox subsequently directed Officer Casazza to place the young men
under arrest and escort them to Justice Webster's Office. He then sent an officer
after Mr. Hamilton, in whose favor the order was drawn, and afterward telegraphed
United States District Attorney Alexander of Buffalo to come himself or send
an assistant to Batavia to take change of the matter.
The money order was dated Rochester, August 18th [Tuesday], and if it were promptly
mailed arrived here on Wednesday. All that day Mr. Hamilton's office was open
and the letter containing the order was not delivered to him. He has never seen
it. It is the theory of the postmaster that the letter may have been left at
Hammond & Son's store by mistake by Letter Carrier Vrooman, who is a substitute
carrier and is now on duty in the absence of Carrier Wakeman. Postmaster Tarbox
visited Hammond & Son's in search of the envelope, but was unable to find
it. Another theory is that the letter may have been dropped accidentally on
the street by the carrier and that Haller or Hammond picked it up.
The young men and O.D. Hammond, father of Leon, were all seen at the store at
noon. None of them knew anything about the letter that contained the money order.
Both members of the firm said that no such letter had been delivered there and
Haller said the stranger from whom he obtained the order showed no letter or
envelope in which the order must have travelled through the mails. Haller said
that he paid the stranger $1 for the order. The senior member of the firm said
that occasionally "Hamilton" mail is left at the store by the carrier
by mistake, some of Hamilton & Son's mail having been left several times.
B.F. Hamilton said that the order was from James W. Cary, a former resident
of Otis street, who is now employed in Rochester. The remittance was for Association
The Hon. George Bowen had been retained to look after the interests of the young
J.B. Colt of Buffalo, United States Deputy Marshal came to Batavia this afternoon
to look after the matter. At 8 o'clock the question was still under consideration
whether Justice Webster had jurisdiction in the case or whether it should be
taken before United States Commissioner W. Harris Day.
August 22, 1891
The supposition that a crime against the United States had been committed, together
with the fact that one of the accused was well-known in this village, attracted
to the office of Police justice Webster yesterday afternoon a crowd of spectators
who were curious to know what would be the outcome of the examination. of Leon
W. Hammond of this village and his cousin, Halsey Haller of Wyoming who were
under arrest charged with conspiring to defraud B. F. Hamilton our of $20.
Upon being told the circumstances of the case Deputy Untied States Marshal Colt
at once said he believed it to be a crime against the United States Government,
because it was committed in a building rented by the government, and he continued
to hold to that opinion. He therefore asked Justice Webster to send the case
before United States Commissioner W. Harris Day for examination. This the Justice
declined to do. He doubted his right to send a case from a Court of Special
Statutes to the United States Court for examination. He thought that if the
examination were to take place in the United States Court the warrant of arrest
should be issued from that court.
Deputy Marshal Colt and Postmaster Tarbox visited Commissioner Day at his office,
but that legal gentleman was unable upon examination of the United States Statutes,
to find authority for issuing a warrant so the others returned to Justice Webster's
office, where at 2:15 o'clock District Attorney Weed asked for an adjournment
until this morning. To that defendant's counsel the Hon. George Bowen, objected.
Justice Webster said that the other gentleman had not been idle; that the question
of jurisdiction had been under discussion and he believed that if an adjournment
were taken until this afternoon the defendants would still
have an immediate examination within the statute.
Counselor Bowen then waived examination in behalf of the young men, and they
gave bail in the sum of $200 each to await the action of the grand jury in
November. Their surety was Mrs. O. D. Hammond, mother of one of the defendants.
October 24, 1891
The case of Leon W. Hammond of Batavia and his cousin Halsey Haller of Wyoming,
who were arrested in this village on August 21st last on the charge of conspiracy
in attempting to have cashed at the Post Office a money order for $20 which
was the property of B.F. Hamilton, as Secretary of the Genesee County Loan Association,
has been taken into the Untied States Court. United States Deputy Marshall J.
B. Colt of Buffalo came to Batavia yesterday afternoon, and last evening took
young Hammond to Buffalo. Haller had been taken into custody on Thursday night.
Hammond and Haller appeared at the money order window of the Batavia Post Office
at about 8 am on August 21st. Haller presented a $20 money order to Post master
Tarbox, who was in charge, and asked that it be cashed. The money order bore
no name. The Post master consulted the money order advice, which bore the payee's
name, and learned that the order was payable to B.F. Hamilton. Asked if that
was his name Haller replied affirmatively, and upon being informed that as there
was another B.F. Hamilton in town he would have to be identified he turned to
Hammond , saying: "This man knows me'. Then he corrected himself and said
his name was not Hamilton, but that Hammond's was. Haller asked where he obtained
the order, said at first that the had bought it, but afterwards said he had found
it. Postmaster Tarbox refused to cash the order, and the young men were arrested.
The next day, on advice of their counsel, the Hon. George Bowen, the defendants
waived examination and were admitted to bail in the sum of $200, furnished by
young Hammond's mother, to await the action of the grand jury, which meets on
It appears that Deputy Marshal Colt has interested himself in the case since
that time, and it is said he has secured a confession from Haller. Haller is
reported to have said that the letter addressed to Mr. Hamiton was left through
Carrier Vrooman's error at the store of Hammond & Son, where it was opened.
Haller was anxious to go away at that time and said to Hammond; " I wish
I had some money.," "You can get some easy enough" Hammond is
said to have replied, "by taking this money order over to the Post Office
and signing your name."
Hammond produced the order and the two went to the Post Office with it. Haller
said he had the letter that contained it in his possession at that time and that
when Postmaster Tarbox was engaged in conversation with Hammond he [Haller] placed
the letter in a steam radiator, near the money order window. If that is so the
letter probably fell to the floor and was swept away.
Today the matter, which is now more serious than it has been, will receive attention
before a United States Commissioner in Buffalo. Postmaster Tarbox and O.D. Hammond,
father of one of the defendants went to Buffalo this morning to be present at
October 26, 1891
The case of Leon W. Hammond of Batavia and his cousin, Halsey Haller of Wyoming,
which was brought before United States Commissioner Strong in Buffalo on Saturday,
was adjourned until November 15th. It has been discovered that there is no Untied
States law making a attempt, only, to have post office money order cashed, a
crime, so the young men could not be held on that charge. The charge on which
they were held on their own recognizance, was that of opening a letter belonging
to another person. The penalty for this crime is five years imprisonment, which
Assistant District Attorney Ferguson, as well as Postmaster Tarbox, thought was
altogether woo sever for the young men. The case was therefore adjourned until
If in the meantime the young men procure affidavits from leading citizens of
Batavia to the effect that they have never before been charged with crime, the
matter will not be prosecuted further.
March 16, 1899
The "Robert Morris Cigar Factory" is the name of a new industry in
Batavia, of which L. W. Hammond is the proprietor. The factory will be situated
in the second story of the Concert Hall Building, at the corner of Main and State
Streets and work will be begun in it tomorrow. The foreman will be Fred Hooker,
who has been foreman of the Genesee Valley cigar factory in Batavia for some
time. Mr. Hammond will confine himself to the manufacture of two brands, the
"The Robert Morris," a 10 cent cigar and a 5 cent brand. the Morris
cigars are now being made for him by J.F. Garnier of Batavia, the Optimate company
of Syracuse and a factory in Binghamton. He expects to employ a large force.
Mr. Hammond is selling the cigars by means of the endless chain system, which
enables a person to get a box of 25 free of charge. The system is started by
sending out a coupon, upon return of which, with 25 cents, the sender receives
six coupons. These he sells for 5 cents each and the purchasers, in turn do
as he did. When a chain of seven coupons is completed, the buyer of the first
one receives his cigars.
Mr. Hammond started the system on Monday morning, and the number of coupons already
issued calls for 20,000 cigars. He has four clerks at work now, issuing and
recording the coupons.
August 16, 1899
An action brought by Miss Harriet L. Holter against L.W. Hammond, to recover
$13 alleged to be due for one month's rent of house the No. 8 Morton Avenue,
was tried before Justice Shedd and jury today. The defendant rented a house
of the plaintiff for one year, but moved out at the end of 11 months. Considerable
difficulty was experience in obtaining a jury, as seven out of the original panel
went to Rochester to attend the races. After being out about 15 minutes the
jury brought in a verdict for the full amount claimed. Harlan Allen appeared
for Miss Holter and Webster & Stedman for Mr. Hammond.
June 6, 1901
L.W. Hammond has assumed a position as salesman for the Bartholomew Company of
Des Monins, IA, manufacturers of coffee and peanut roasters. He has sold peanut
machines to George W. Koons, Arthur H. Marshall and Scheck's confectionery store.
November 24, 1903
Leon W. Hammond, a former well known Batavian, is now the senior member of the
firm of Hammond & Paschke, which conducts extensive poultry yards at Everett,
Wash. The Everett Heralds says that a White Plymouth Rock pullet owned by the
firm laid an egg, the fifteenth one in 15 consecutive days, measuring 8 1/4 and
6 3/4 inches.
From History of Snohomish Co. WA 1926-
No profession today requires more skill and scientific study than advertising.
Leon W. Hammond of Everett, measures up in full to its requirements and his
achievements in this connection have brought him more than local prominence.
He was born in Attica, New York in 1869 and his parents, Oscar D. and Ellen
A. (Walbridge) Hammond, are deceased. His father was a manufacturer and valiantly
defended the Union cause during the Civil War. Leon W. Hammond received a public
school education and also completed a course in a business college. His first
experience along commercial lines was gained in the employ of his father, who
was a manufacturer of harness and bicycles, and he afterward operated a business
and for seven years was engaged in the manufacture of cigars. In April, 1906,
he came to Everett and embarked in the sign-painting business in partnership
with N.J. Crague, also handling wall paper. They were associated for two years
and later the firm of Hammond & Paschke was formed. This relationship was
maintained for ten years and the subject of this sketch has since been sole owner
of the business with the exception of one year, during which he was a member
of the firm of Hammond & Keith. Mr. Hammond specializes in outdoor advertising
and covers this part of the state. His establishment at No. 2922 [ now a parking
lot] Rockefeller avenue is twenty-five by one hundred and twenty -five feet in
dimensions and the most complete shop of the kind on the coast. He is the acknowledged
leader in this field and also conducts a school of sign writing for the Young
Men's Christian Association. He taught penmanship for five years in the Acme
Business College of Everett and is a handwriting expert of note. He has been
chosen to establish the authenticity of numerous documents and has given testimony
in cases of this nature in all parts of the west. In 1899 Mr. Hammond married
Miss Catharine Higgins, of New York, and to this union has been born a daughter,
Carolyn, who resides at home. Mr. Hammond is a republican where national issues
are concerned but casts an independent local ballot. He is a Kiwanian and has
served as commander of the Sons of Veterans. He belongs to the Chamber of Commerce
and his fraternal connections are with the Masons and the Benevolent Protective
Order of Elks. Mr. Hammond is a high-minded man, who has conscientiously discharged
life's duties and responsibilities and what he had accomplished represents the
fit utilization of his innate powers and talents.
From Artists of the American West:
Hammond studied with Eustace Ziegler, Edgar Forkner, and Myra Wiggins, and worked
in most media.
From Who's Who in Western Art:
Painter [oil, watercolor]; Drawing [pencil, pen and ink, crayon] Pupil of [those
listed above]. author of "Pen and Brush Lettering"
He was married
to Catharine ( Carra) Evelyn HIGGINS (daughter of Lot Ludow
HIGGINS and Abigail Elizabeth BURDICK) on 8 Jun 1898 in Batavia,
Genesee, NY.(16) June 9, 1898- Miss
Carra Evelyn Higgins and Leon Walbridge Hammond were united in marriage at their
new home, no. 8 Morton Ave., Batavia, NY. at 8 o'clock last evening by the Rev.
J. H. Mason. They were married under a purple and white bell and the wedding
march was played by Miss Lois Hammond, sister of the groom. The bridesmaids
were Miss Florence Goodridge of Batavia, Miss Buelah Monroe of Warsaw, Miss Mabel
Rex and Miss Nellie Storts of Dale. Miss Ernestine Fuller was the flower girl.
The bride wore light violet, trimmed with purple, white liberty silk and velvet.
The bridesmaids wore white organdie. Mr. and Mrs. Hammond left at 10:25 o'clock
for a breif trip to PA. The gifts were numerous and included a piano from the
groom to the bride. Catharine ( Carra) Evelyn HIGGINS
was born on
14 Nov 1875 in Attica, Wyoming, NY.(20)
She died in May 1968 in Seattle, King, WA.(20)
Catharine's social security # is 533-52-4775 In 1964 the Everett city
directory lists her as living at 3308 Colby ave. The 1920 census lists her as
a private duty nurse. Leon Walbridge HAMMOND and Catharine ( Carra) Evelyn HIGGINS
had the following children:
Carolyn E. HAMMOND.